|Significance, philosophy: something is significate that makes a difference in regard to the truth or falsity of a judgment. When determining the significance, the question is whether a threshold value has been exceeded. See also relevance, truth values, judgment, statistics._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.|
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Significance / Principle of Significance / Peacocke: if we can imagine that a proof (evidence) supports a hypothesis, then that is not sufficient for to show that the hypothesis is significant - it could be that either the hypothesis or the evidence is independent of the other.
Cognitive Significance / Frege / Peacocke: identity a = b (not a = a) - ("informative").
Cognitive Significance / Peacocke: only if it is epistemically possible that a thing that as known to me as [you] and so-and-so, perhaps might not be so-and-so - i.e. the identity is informative (> Frege)._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.
Chr. R. Peacocke
Sense and Content Oxford 1983