|Semantic value: the semantic value of an expression is the result of a division of this expression into word types and subsequent attribution of possible objects which can stand in relation to this word. E.g. semantic values of nouns can be objects, semantic values of predicates can be (but do not need to be) properties. See also truth values, truth conditions, compositionality._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
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Semantic Value/Schiffer: E.g. "Snow" refers to the stuff snow - "is white" is true of every white thing. - "not" expresses the negation - ((s): negation is the semantic value of "not") - ((s) semantic value can be the extension (of predicates)) - the truth function (of logical constants) - or the reference (of a singular term). - Schiffer: they play their role in determining the truth conditions - then the semantic sense (not value) is determined by the conceptual role: conceptual role/Schiffer: is an abstraction from the functional role: to know the functional role of a neural sentence means knowing the functional role of belief of s (or to wish that s, etc.) - subsentential: to know the contribution of this role to the conceptual role of the whole sentence. - E.g. if you believe that s, then you do not believe [not-s] etc. - Problem: the semantic sense is not always determined by the conceptual role. - conceptual role: is in the head. - twin earth: the twin has the same conceptual role. - On the other hand: semantic sense of predicates is surely causal - even with general term._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.
Remnants of Meaning Cambridge 1987