|Semantic value: the semantic value of an expression is the result of a division of this expression into word types and subsequent attribution of possible objects which can stand in relation to this word. E.g. semantic values of nouns can be objects, semantic values of predicates can be (but do not need to be) properties. See also truth values, truth conditions, compositionality._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
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|Schwarz I 199
Semantic value/Lewis/Schwarz: more neutral than truth value: 1) there is a function for each grammatical category (N, S, V, adverb, etc.) - E.g. for N: from possible situations to things - semantic value instead of reference, meaning, intension, extension. - E.g. meaning of Frieda not carrier, but function of situations on individuals. - Task of semantic value: Help with designing the right truth conditions (appropriate to the conventions) - E.g. Venus is Venus and the morning star is Venus have the same semantic value.
Schwarz I 200
Two expressions have the same meaning if they are assembled in the same way of parts with the same semantic value.
Schwarz I 206
Index coordinates/Lewis: Example for operators like strictly speaking, somewhere: full semantic value: function of situations, times, worlds, places and precision standards on truth value. - Equivalent: Assigning of functions of times, worlds, places and precision standards on truth value for situations: the latter is often called a proposition or actual semantic value: (Montague, Cresswell, Kaplan, Stalnaker): here the semantic value varies from situation to situation, from context to context - Schwarz: division of the possibility area. - ((s) Always t/f)._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.
Die Identität von Körper und Geist Frankfurt 1989
Konventionen Berlin 1975
Philosophical Papers Bd I New York Oxford 1983
Philosophical Papers Bd II New York Oxford 1986
Cl. I. Lewis
Mind and the World Order: Outline of a Theory of Knowledge (Dover Books on Western Philosophy) 1991
David Lewis Bielefeld 2005