|Semantic holism, philosophy: semantic holism is the view that the meaning of all linguistic expressions depends on the meanings of other expressions. See also holism, persuasive holism, meanings, semantics, truth conditions, assertibility conditions, truth, assertiveness, expressiveness._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
Semantic holism/Fodor/Lepore: Combination of Quine-Duhem thesis (no sentence individually verifiable) with Verificationism. - QDT: every sentence of a theory determines the level of verifiability of every other sentence of the theory. - Verificationism: Meaning = verification method. - Holism: every sentence of the theory determines the meaning of every other seentence of the theory. - Fodor/LeporeVsHolism: then only identical theories could have any common inferences - that cannot be true.
IV ~ 49
Fodor/Lepore VsSH: natural semantic objects are linguistic: for example, Formulas of nat. Object of confirmation. Trans-linguistically: propositions. - Verificationism and CH are both true, but of different things! - Therefore, SH does not follow.
Meaning holism/Fodor/Lepore: additional argument pro: according to Russell s incomplete symbol: this is defined in use - use then represents the larger unit - Fodor/LeporeVs: 1) Definition in use does not guarantee meaning - 2) unclear whether they have the semantic properties from the relations of words to the sentences in which they occur 3) unclear whether the syntactic and semantic units match.
Meaning holism/MH/Fodor/Lepore: we can avoid the inference from belief holism to MH if we assume that the objects which have inherent semantic properties are initially neither prop. att.s nor speech acts, but representations._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.
J. Fodor/E. Lepore
Holism Cambridge USA Oxford UK 1992