|Semantics: Semantics is the field of linguistics, which deals with the meaning of expressions, words, parts of words, sentences or signs. Aids for ascertaining the meaning are investigations of the use and the determination of the truth value (true or false) of the statements, which can be determined from the linguistic or action-like utterances. Therefore, semantic questions are ultimately truth questions. See also truth, reference, meaning, sense, semiology, signs, symbols, syntax, pragmatics, linguistics._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
|EMD II 210
interpretive / interpretational semantics / Evans: would have to assume an entity for any type of semantic expression - a set, a truth value, a function of quantities on truth values, etc. - which could be attributed to the events of this kind under any interpretation. Then we could take the specification of the type of attribution as a specification of the underlying system, which has a word in common with others -
instead of a single unsorted range, it will be appropriate to divide the area into fundamental types of objects: places, times, material objects, living objects, events ... then we can understand e.g. "A set of pairs of living objects and times" as a verb._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.
G. Evans/J. McDowell
Truth and Meaning Oxford 1977
The Varieties of Reference (Clarendon Paperbacks) Oxford 1989