|Semantics: Semantics is the field of linguistics, which deals with the meaning of expressions, words, parts of words, sentences or signs. Aids for ascertaining the meaning are investigations of the use and the determination of the truth value (true or false) of the statements, which can be determined from the linguistic or action-like utterances. Therefore, semantic questions are ultimately truth questions. See also truth, reference, meaning, sense, semiology, signs, symbols, syntax, pragmatics, linguistics._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.|
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Semantic/logic/Cresswell: validity for natural language must be explained in natural language (not in formal language) - then we have to accept another concept of validity. - CresswellVs strong thesis, that semantics is based on formal logic.
Intention-based semantics/Schiffer/Cresswell: (Schiffer 1982 120) Cresswell: such semantics seem to argue that content could be defined only by means of objects - but you can also see it in a more neutral way: as a theory about how psychology is connected with semantics. (McGinn 1982 243f).
I HC 69
Semantics/Semantic models/Hughes/Cresswell: (E.g. T, S4, S5): s. alone does not characterize the various meanings of necessity and possibility -> Semantic diagrams/Hughes/Cresswell: consider various worlds._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.
M. J. Cresswell
Semantical Essays (Possible worlds and their rivals) Dordrecht Boston 1988
M. J. Cresswell
Structured Meanings Cambridge Mass. 1984