Philosophy Lexicon of Arguments

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Self-referentiality, philosophy: A) self-reference is the description of an action or statement of a thinking subject, which is about this subject. B) is the nature of a linguistic expression (word or sentence) which, by its application, should apply to this expression. See also circularity, external/internal, reference system, paradoxes, heterology, paradoxes.

Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

Author Item Summary Meta data
GLU 163f
Self reference/Luhmann/GLU: there are systems that relate through every of their operations to themselves: Social, psychological, organic systems that can observe the reality only because of this self-contact. - Self reference is present when the operation of the observation is included in what is referred to. - Self reference is neither analytic nor characteristic of a transcendental subject: the subject of the system theory is neither the human nor the subject. - Self-reference is not a tautology. - It does not refer directly to itself - e.g. if self-reference refers to a process: there is the distinction before/after.
II 163
Blind Spot/Luhmann/Reese-Schäfer: the failure of observation in all situations in which action must be taken or decided by you. - Action for security is certainly necessary and possible, but not as scientifically secured action. - Here, the system theory has its limits.
AU Cass 4
Definition self-reference/Luhmann: message: "What is in the system?". - Definition external reference: information (past or external system states). - Self-reference/external reference: hence there is the distinction between what a system can distinguish as the environment, and what an observer might see as environment.

Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.

N. Luhmann
Einführung in die Systemtheorie Heidelberg 1992

Lu I
N. Luhmann
Die Kunst der Gesellschaft Frankfurt 1997

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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2018-06-20