|Pain, philosophy of mind: the philosophical discussion deals with the peculiarities of the concept of pain in contrast to other concepts such as perceptions, sensations and stimuli. In particular, it is about the relationship between physical and mental realization of pain. See also mind body problem, physical/psychic, rigidity, possible worlds, possible world semantics, perception, introspection, private language, necessity, certainty._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
A certain sensation (pain) could not have existed without being a sensation.
Pain: It is a mistake to think that a pain S and a brain condition B could exist independently.
Rorty I 93
Kripke/Rorty: Same epistemic situation: even in the absence of heat you can be in the same epistemic situation that you can feel the heat sensation.
Pain: in the case of pain and other mental phenomena this is not possible. Being in the same epidemic situation that would exist if there was a pain means to be in pain.
Heat: although "heat" is a rigid designator, the reference is determined with respect to an accidental property.
Pain: a rigid designator whose reference is determined by an essential property of the reference. (LewisVs)_____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.
Name und Notwendigkeit Frankfurt 1981
S. A. Kripke
Outline of a Theory of Truth (1975)
Recent Essays on Truth and the Liar Paradox, R. L. Martin (Hg), Oxford/NY 1984
Der Spiegel der Natur Frankfurt 1997
Philosophie & die Zukunft Frankfurt 2000
Kontingenz, Ironie und Solidarität Frankfurt 1992
Eine Kultur ohne Zentrum Stuttgart 1993
Solidarität oder Objektivität? Stuttgart 1998
Wahrheit und Fortschritt Frankfurt 2000