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A certain sensation (pain) could not have existed without being a sensation.
Pain: It is a mistake to think that a pain S and a brain condition B could exist independently.
Rorty I 93
Kripke/Rorty: Same epistemic situation: even in the absence of heat you can be in the same epistemic situation that you can feel the heat sensation.
Pain: in the case of pain and other mental phenomena this is not possible. Being in the same epidemic situation that would exist if there was a pain means to be in pain.
Heat: although "heat" is a rigid designator, the reference is determined with respect to an accidental property.
Pain: a rigid designator whose reference is determined by an essential property of the reference. (LewisVs)
Name und Notwendigkeit Frankfurt 1981
S. A. Kripke
Outline of a Theory of Truth (1975)
Recent Essays on Truth and the Liar Paradox, R. L. Martin (Hg), Oxford/NY 1984
Der Spiegel der Natur Frankfurt 1997
Philosophie & die Zukunft Frankfurt 2000
Kontingenz, Ironie und Solidarität Frankfurt 1992
Eine Kultur ohne Zentrum Stuttgart 1993
Solidarität oder Objektivität? Stuttgart 1998
Wahrheit und Fortschritt Frankfurt 2000