Philosophy Lexicon of Arguments

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Slingshot Argument, philosophy: slingshot argument is an expression for a problematic conclusion from the assumption originally made by G. Frege that the meaning of sentences is their truth value. That is, true sentences mean, according to Frege, the truth. If you replace individual expressions of a statement with expressions that have the same extension (reference object), the truth value does not change. However, in the case of piecewise substitution, the meaning can change and finally also the truth value. See also extension, truths values, reference, co-extension, great fact, fulfillment, consequences.

Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

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Books on Amazon
III 229ff
Slingshot Argument/Searle: originally from Frege; Quine against the modal logic used by Davidson; revived against the correspondence theory.
III 230
If a true statement corresponds to a fact, then it corresponds to any fact - hence the notion of correspondence is completely empty - the proposition that snow is white, corresponds to the fact that grass is green - Analysis: Difference between co-referential singular terms and equivalent sentences - E.g. "x is identical with Diogenes and snow is white".
III 231
Solution/Searle: 1st irrelevance: "Diogenes" - 2nd logical equivalence of sentences does not mean identity of the relevant facts - Conclusion/Searle: the slingshot argument does not refute the correspondence theory.

Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.

J. R. Searle
Die Wiederentdeckung des Geistes Frankfurt 1996

J.R. Searle
Intentionalität Frankfurt 1991

J. R. Searle
Die Konstruktion der gesellschaftlichen Wirklichkeit Hamburg 1997

J.R. Searle
Ausdruck und Bedeutung Frankfurt 1982

J. R. Searle
Sprechakte Frankfurt 1983

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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2017-10-24