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Assertiveness /Determination/ Ayer:defined by being contained: that my shoes are black, entails that they are not brown, but not vice versa - that I write entails that someone writes, but not vice versa. - ((s) something specific entails something vague.) - Def Assertiveness / Ayer: a statement is absolutely specific in S if no statement can be made that contains this statement, without being contained in it. - ((s) > Def minimal / Chisholm) - then there is a constructible hierarchy in S. - Problem: you can make a statement of specific when connecting another statement with it. (Conjunction, > Goodman: fake theory (> slingshot argument) - I 289 > "Big fact": expressed by a conjunction of all independent true statements .
I Ayer Wahrheit, aus "Wahrheitstheorien" Hrsg. Skirbekk Frankfurt/M 1996
II Hügli ()Hrsg.) Philosophie im 20. Jahrhundert, Reinbek 1993