|Sentence meaning: in contrast to the case of word meaning, the composition of the parts of the sentence must be taken into account for the sentence meaning. The so-called use theory of meaning does not apply to whole sentences. See also compositionality, use, use theory, truth values, context/context dependency._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
VsFrege: a semantics that applies only truth values for sentence meanings cannot exporess this verb meaning (> stance > propositional attitude).
Sentence meaning / Stechow: in connection with (existence-) presupposition: now partial function of situations to truth values - no longer sets of possible worlds - ((s) no longer defined if the domain of objects does not exist) - presupposition: limiting the scope (domain restriction). - Def plug: "says", "believes": blocks the forwarding of presuppositions to the top - no limitation - filter: "if", "and": block presuppositions - hole: specific words let presuppositions in the embedding sentence by._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.
|A. von Stechow
I Arnim von Stechow Schritte zur Satzsemantik