Philosophy Lexicon of Arguments

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Sentences: sentences are linguistic forms for expressing existent or non-existent issues of conditions, wishes, questions or commands. Statements can be true or false, unlike other forms of sentences like questions or single words. See also subsentential, truth, statements.

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Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

 
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II 85ff
Sentence / Cresswell: E.g.
(2) Oliphant does not sing.
Structure:

(3) not (sing Oliphant)

sense of (3): (4)

(4) ‹ω not, ‹ω sings, o ››.

Reference (3):

(5) not ω (ω sings, (o))

meaning of (3): set of worlds.
II 87
Alternatively mixed structure:

(6) ‹ω not ,ω sings ,(o )›

((s) brackets!).


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Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.

Cr I
M. J. Cresswell
Semantical Essays (Possible worlds and their rivals) Dordrecht Boston 1988

Cr II
M. J. Cresswell
Structured Meanings Cambridge Mass. 1984


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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2018-04-20