Books on Amazon
|Dummett I 160
Wittgenstein/State of Affairs: even questions the "state of affairs": once we have seen that there are a variety of circumstances that can lead to the expression "he understood instantly", we will be healed by the urge to invoke to an independent conceivable "state of affairs", by which such a statement could be made true.
Chisholm II 166
State of Affairs/Wittgenstein: no fact - it is between facts in abstraction from their existence and complexes - an atomic proposition is true if a corresponding complex exists.
Definition state of affairs/Tractatus/Schulte: combination of objects (entities, things). That things behave in a certain way, is a definition fact. - State of Affairs: corresponds to elementary proposition - fact: corresponds to the logical product of elementary propositions.
Hintikka I 67ff
State of Affairs/object/Tractatus/Wittgenstein/Hintikka:
2:03 In the state of affairs the objects hang together like the links of a chain.
2.031 In the state of affairs, the objects behave to each other in a certain manner.
Image theory/image theory/Wittgenstein/early: if the sentence is a linguistic counterpart to the state of affairs, then:
"Mind, that connection is no relation, but only the existence of a relation."
I 73 ff
Existence/ontology/Tractatus/Wittgenstein/Hintikka: unlike Frege, Wittgenstein envisages in Tractatus an ontology of possible state of affairs.
According to Wittgenstein it has little sense to speak of a possible existence. That is, that we must regard the actual objects as if every one would exist necessarily.
Of course, Wittgenstein does not believe that he could say that objects exist necessarily. In this lies for him the transcendence of objects and this forms, according to him, the core of the transcendental logic (6.13).
Nevertheless, it is clear that Wittgenstein actually makes the important, but not expressible condition of necessary and necessary completed existence of objects.
Result: not only all the actual state of affairs, but also all kinds of state of affairs must be considered as if they were composed of the same objects.
Possible world/Tractatus/Wittgenstein: 2022 "It is obvious that even one of the real, yet so different worlds must have something - a form - in common with the real world.
2023 "This fixed form consists of the objects."
Definition State of Affairs/Tractatus/Wittgenstein/Flor: combination of simple objects without quality features. The state of affairs is completely independent. Example: In the Tractatus there is neither an example for a state of affairs nor for an object.
With the account of all objects in proportion to their positions - all situations are covered. All worlds.
There must be an absolute distinction between the simple and the complex.
Ontology/Tractatus/Wittgenstein/Flor: must exist in the specification of an absolute determination of the thinkable and possible.
Picture Theory/Tractatus/Wittgenstein/Flor: an elementary proposition represents a state of affairs in that it has the same logical form. Each element in the picuture corresponds to one and only one element of the state of affairs shown in the picture. The elements of the elementary proposition, the names correspond to certain objects of the state of affairs. The name is representative for the object. (Deputy).
The configuration of the picture elements corresponds to the configuration of the objects in the state of affairs. By a mere grouping a state of affairs cannot be established. Such grouping is not true or false.
Sense/Showing/Tractatus/Wittgenstein/Flor: because all state of affairs are a part of all possible worlds, the sense of the world itself cannot be a state of affairs, a part of the possible world.
Vorlesungen 1930-35 Frankfurt 1989
Das Blaue Buch - Eine Philosophische Betrachtung Frankfurt 1984
Tractatus Logico Philosophicus Frankfurt/M 1960
Ursprünge der analytischen Philosophie Frankfurt 1992
Wahrheit Stuttgart 1982
Die erste Person Frankfurt 1992
Roderick M. Chisholm
Erkenntnistheorie Graz 2004
Jaakko and Merrill B. Hintikka
The Logic of Epistemology and the Epistemology of Logic Dordrecht 1989
J. Hintikka/M. B. Hintikka
Untersuchungen zu Wittgenstein Frankfurt 1996