|Rylean Ancestors: is an expression by W. Sellars (Sellars, Empricism and the Philosophy of Mind, 1956, pp. 91-93) for an assumed linguistic community within a thought experiment. The language of these people is limited to expressions for publicly identifiable objects and their perceptible properties. The question is which expressions of this language should be added so that the language users are able to recognize themselves and others as thinking, observing and feeling (cf http//www.jg-eberhardt.de (11.05. 2017)). See also private language, reference, thought objects, intensional objects, intensions, propositions, individuation, introduction._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
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Sellars/Pauen: thesis: our seemingly direct experience of mental states is the product of theoretical generalizations. - Question: how could such a theory arise, if one does not know the (everyday psychological postulated) mental states from their own experience? - Solution: Rylean ancestors: Step 1: Language and ideas are exclusively linked to behavioral dispositions and verbal expressions - Step 2: attribution of internal states, so thoughts.
Rylean ancestors/Sellars/Pauen: thesis: we do not know our mental states from own experience. - Solution: 1. Language and ideas relate only to behavior - 2. after that attribution of "thoughts"- one knows mental states (e.g. thoughts) not from the first-person perspective. - We do not have direct access to our inner states - only mediated through everyday psychology.
VsSellars/VsRylean ancestors/Pauen: implausible, how should one has ever come up with the idea to explain behavior with the attribution of mental states if one had not known them before from own experience.
Sellars disregards that an explanation is conceivable even without such attributions._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.
Grundprobleme der Philosophie des Geistes Frankfurt 2001