Philosophy Dictionary of Arguments

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Gadamer I 27
Phronesis/AristotleVsPlato/Aristotle/Gadamer: It is (...) a positive, ethical motive [in the judgement] effective, which enters into the Roman Stoic doctrine of the sensus communis. The comprehension and moral coping with the concrete situation requires a (...) subsumption of the given under the general, i.e. the purpose that one pursues, that the right thing arises from it. Thus, it presupposes a direction of the will, i.e. a moral being (hexis) already. Therefore the phronesis is a "spiritual virtue" according to Aristotle(1). He sees in it not simply an ability (dynamis), but a determination of moral being, which cannot be without the whole of the "ethical virtues", just as conversely these cannot be without them. Although this virtue in its exercise has the effect of distinguishing the feasible from the infeasible, it is not simply practical wisdom and general resourcefulness. Its distinction between the doable and the undoable has always included the distinction between the decent and the unseemly, and thus presupposes a moral attitude which in turn trains it.
It is this motif, developed by Aristotle against Plato's "idea of the good", to which, according to Vico's reference to the sensus communis, the matter refers. >Sensus communis/Vico, >Sensus communis/Thomas.


1. Aristoteles, Eth. Nic. Z. 9, 1141b 33.


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Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.
The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.

Gadamer I
Hans-Georg Gadamer
Wahrheit und Methode. Grundzüge einer philosophischen Hermeneutik 7. durchgesehene Auflage Tübingen 1960/2010

Gadamer II
H. G. Gadamer
The Relevance of the Beautiful, London 1986
German Edition:
Die Aktualität des Schönen: Kunst als Spiel, Symbol und Fest Stuttgart 1977


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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2020-09-26
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