Philosophy Lexicon of Arguments

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Roles, philosophy: the expression role is usually used with an addition such as causal role, functional role, etc. It is signaled that a certain openness is required for a yet outstanding specification for a function within a system. In other words, there is a lack of knowledge concerning the object that performs the function. Linguistically, this is expressed by formulations like "Whatever plays the… role". An example from the philosophy of mind is the causal role of pain. See also functionalism.

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Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

 
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V 253
Role: non-rigid: whatever has the role of x is an x in the context - whatever produces such and such manifestation. - Role: whatever >referential/attributive.
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Schwarz I 105
Role/Lewis: only serves to fasten the property in the actual world. - Roles of properties can be exchanged, but not: different-digit relations - not even the roles of mereologically complex or mereologically atomic: they are intrinsic.
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Schwarz I 151f
Role: playing such and such role is a contingent property of an event - Martians’ pain/(s) same role, other state.


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Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.

LW I
D. Lewis
Die Identität von Körper und Geist Frankfurt 1989

LW II
D. Lewis
Konventionen Berlin 1975

LW IV
D. Lewis
Philosophical Papers Bd I New York Oxford 1983

LW V
D. Lewis
Philosophical Papers Bd II New York Oxford 1986

LwCl I
Cl. I. Lewis
Mind and the World Order: Outline of a Theory of Knowledge (Dover Books on Western Philosophy) 1991

Schw I
W. Schwarz
David Lewis Bielefeld 2005


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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2017-11-19