Philosophy Lexicon of Arguments

Robots, philosophy: robot is a concept for technically realized spatially delimited mechanically acting systems that are able to fulfill defined tasks. The tasks are communicated to the system by means of a code. Further developments concern the increase of possible interfaces to the external world such as artificial sensory organs as well as the flexibility of possible responses of the system to commands. See also artificial intelligence, artificial consciousness, connectivity, learning, machine learning, neural networks, systems, zombies, autonomy, ethics.

Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

Author Item Excerpt Meta data

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Berka I 489
Accuracy/range/Tarski: according to the sentences 14-16 (or Lemma I) there is for each natural number k such a statement that is true in any area with k elements and in any area of the other thickness - in contrast: every in an infinite range true statement is also true in any other infinite domain (without regard to the thickness) - properties/classes: so we conclude that the object language allows us to express such a property of classes of individuals, such as the existence of exactly k elements - there is no means against rewarding any specific type of infinity (e.g. countability) and we cannot by means of a single or a finite number of statements.
I 490
Two such properties of classes such as finiteness, infinity to distinguish them from each other - (Tarski:> Löwenheim).
I 491
Truth (in the domain): depends on the scope in the finite case, not in the infinite.
Berka I 491
Accuracy in the doamin/Provability/Tarski: if we add the statement a (every nonempty class contains a singleton class as a part) to AxS Correctness/provability will be coextensive terms - N.B.: this does not work in the logical algebra, because here a is not satisfied in all interpretations.
BerkaI 516
"In every correct domain"/Tarski: this term stands according to the extent in the middle between the provable sentence and the true statement - but is narrower than the class of all true statements generally - it does not contain statements whose validity depends on how big is the total number of individuals.

Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.

Tarsk I
A. Tarski
Logic, Semantics, Metamathematics: Papers from 1923-38 Indianapolis 1983

Brk I
K. Berka/L. Kreiser
Logik Texte Berlin 1983

> Counter arguments against Tarski
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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2017-09-23