|Relativism, philosophy: relativism is a collective term for views that generally refer to the conditions which are fundamental for the occurrence of these views. Variants are based on theories, on languages, on social groups or on cultures. See also internal realism, externalism, observational language, cultural relativism, idealization._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.|
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Relativity is not an indeterminateness at all.
Consciousness exists in the plural, nature only in the singular. The fact that everyone has his point of view in the world is a harmless relativism, since it refers to a system of coordinates, namely, the one nature.
Conceptual relativism is more difficult because the common coordinate system is not easily identifiable.
I 84 et seq
Davidson: for this reason the possible difference between individual and social thought systems is limited. If conceptual relativism goes so far as to assert that the conceptual schemata and moral systems, or the languages connected with them, can be fundamentally different - so far as they are incomprehensible and incommensurable to each other, I reject conceptual relativism.
Cultural Relativism: There are, of course, differences between period and period or from culture to culture, or from person to person, but these are opposites which we can explain and grasp with sympathy and effort.
I 84 f
VsIncommensurability/DavidsonVsKuhn: The proceeding assumptions (of the incommensurability) requests of us contradictorily, that we should place ourselves at a position which is outside our own thinking.
Relativism/Davidson: That everyone has his point of view in the world, is a harmless relativism because it refers to a system of coordinates, that is to say, a nature - conceptual relativism is more difficult because the common coordinate system is not easy to identify._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.
Der Mythos des Subjektiven Stuttgart 1993
Handlung und Ereignis Frankfurt 1990
Wahrheit und Interpretation Frankfurt 1990