|Relative terms, philosophy: relative terms are expressions that refer to a relation. This relation does not always have to be made explicit in the everyday language. Examples are verbs such as "believe", but also prepositions such as "before". Other types of terms are singular terms, general terms, abstract terms, and combinations such as abstract singular terms. See also opacity, intensions, propositions, relations._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.|
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Opaque verb: hunting lions puts nothing in relation, does not denote a Lion - Relative Term: police chases a man.
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E.g. Paul and Elmar: believing does not produce sentences like saying - cannot be decided: that Paul believes true and Elmar does not. - If truth value does not matter, believing is not a relative term - w believes x no predicate - w believes p: p no term.
Abstract term equator etc.: can and must be rephrased: closer to the equator than: relative term - Or by position of the sun - four-dimensional coordinates Space-Time (quintuple, Hyper bodies, not Cartesian) > reintroduction of geometrical objects to the Space-Time points.
Relative general term: smaller than, mother of (no observation term) - relative mass term/(material term): darker than, redder than - points are taken in pairs - absolute mass term: is dark. - Absolute general term: is small - gemeral term/(s): can therefore be a noun (e.g. dog))?_____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.
Wort und Gegenstand Stuttgart 1980
Theorien und Dinge Frankfurt 1985
Grundzüge der Logik Frankfurt 1978
Mengenlehre und ihre Logik Wiesbaden 1967
Die Wurzeln der Referenz Frankfurt 1989
Unterwegs zur Wahrheit Paderborn 1995
From a logical point of view Cambridge, Mass. 1953
Bezeichnung und Referenz
Zur Philosophie der idealen Sprache, J. Sinnreich (Hg), München 1982
Philosophie der Logik Bamberg 2005
Ontologische Relativität Frankfurt 2003