|Relations, philosophy: relations are that what can be discovered or produced in objects or states when compared to other objects or other states with regard to a selected property. For example, dimensional differences between objects A and B, which are placed into a linguistic order with the expression "larger" or "smaller" as a link, are determinations of relations which exist between the objects. Identity or equality is not accepted as a relation by most authors. See also space, time, order, categories, reflexivity, symmetry, transitivity._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.|
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Relation/Esfeld: does not need a non-relational explanation reason (unlike dispositions that need a non-dispositional explanation reason)).
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External relations/Lewis: e.g. Suppose "equal charge"/"unequal charge" (external) instead of positive/negative (intrinsic): equal charge/unequal charge do not supervenience on positive/negative. - equal charge/unequal charge no distinguishing properties. - For example, if there are three spheres that can have two different colors, at least two must be the same: so there are external relations that are spatiotemporal - (> entanglement, Quantum Mechanics) - external relation: Condition: a) must not supervenience on non-relational properties (E.g. mass), b) must supervenience on the nature of the composite.
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Relations: independent of state: two things always in a space-time relation - entanglement: state-dependent, whether two things are intertwined: therefore questionable whether external relation, no question of the nature of the terms._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.
Holismus Frankfurt/M 2002