Philosophy Lexicon of Arguments

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Relations, philosophy: relations are that what can be discovered or produced in objects or states when compared to other objects or other states with regard to a selected property. For example, dimensional differences between objects A and B, which are placed into a linguistic order with the expression "larger" or "smaller" as a link, are determinations of relations which exist between the objects. Identity or equality is not accepted as a relation by most authors. See also space, time, order, categories, reflexivity, symmetry, transitivity.
 
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II 107
Relativization/Cresswell: E.g. "admires" is a two-place relation - ie it depends on two arguments - but they can be reduced to a single digit: as a predicate "admires someone". - Independence by adding - that is, it is either true or false that x admires someone. It is no longer relatively to two things. - V *: evaluation function (in the idiolect) can then play the role of a bound variable.

Cr I
M. J. Cresswell
Semantical Essays (Possible worlds and their rivals) Dordrecht Boston 1988

Cr II
M. J. Cresswell
Structured Meanings Cambridge Mass. 1984


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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2017-05-25