Philosophy Lexicon of Arguments

Reference classes, philosophy: is the set of objects, situations, or even data for which an expression stands and which can be exchanged with each other while the meaning of the expression and the context of its use are preserved. The so-called reference class problem arises when the class of the possible data is so extensive or so designed that several interpretations are possible which mutually exclude each other. See also reference system, uniqueness, indeterminacy, probability theory.
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Def reference class problem / Cartwright: whether an association relation (> association) exists at all or not depends on the choice of the reference class. (or is dependent on a description) - E.g. uranium: relative to the description (if either uranium or polonium was randomly drawn) is the probability of a high number of clicks - B) Relative to the description that polonium is absent, the prblty is higher. - problem: this is the explanation of subjective p. - solution: the description, which occurs in the demand for explanation, is the privileged one. - Solution: Causal explanation: the cause must make the effect more likely.

Car I
N. Cartwright
How the laws of physics lie Oxford New York 1983

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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2017-05-28