|Reference, philosophy: reference means a) the relation between an expression and one or more objects, thus the reference or b) the object (reference object) itself. Terminological confusion arises easily because the author, to whom this term ultimately goes back - G. Frege - spoke of meaning (in the sense of "pointing at something"). Reference is therefore often referred to as Fregean meaning in contrast to the Fregean sense, which describes what we call meaning today. See also meaning, sense, intension, extension.|
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Reference/Tugendhat: red and rouge denote the same predicate, if applied by the same rule - ((s) use theory, not the meaning but the reference?).
Reference/tradition: is not primarily linguistic - then deictic expressions would be important.
Reference/Tugendhat: standing for (singular term) and being true-of (predicate) superfluous, when we assume only the understanding of the equal sign (identity). (> Substitution).
Vorlesungen zur Einführung in die Sprachanalytische Philosophie Frankfurt 1976
Philosophische Aufsätze Frankfurt 1992