|Reference, philosophy: reference means a) the relation between an expression and one or more objects, thus the reference or b) the object (reference object) itself. Terminological confusion arises easily because the author, to whom this term ultimately goes back - G. Frege - spoke of meaning (in the sense of "pointing at something"). Reference is therefore often referred to as Fregean meaning in contrast to the Fregean sense, which describes what we call meaning today. See also meaning, sense, intension, extension.|
_____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.
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Reference / Nozick: I could always point to the sun instead of using a word that - display/ostension / problem / (s): a) is then the sun referring to the sun or e.g. on a tree? - Nozick: b) it is the sun, which is to give the reference or my ostension? - (Strawson / (s): only humans refer, not words - Reference / Nozick: when the sun refers, then there must be on something else waht refers - ((s) Vs: if everything always refers to something different, can "I" ever refer to me?) - ((s) Vs(s): the word, too, not refers to the word, but to the person - and that is something different)._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.
Philosophical Explanations Oxford 1981
The Nature of Rationality 1994