|Reference, philosophy: reference means a) the relation between an expression and one or more objects, thus the reference or b) the object (reference object) itself. Terminological confusion arises easily because the author, to whom this term ultimately goes back - G. Frege - spoke of meaning (in the sense of "pointing at something"). Reference is therefore often referred to as Fregean meaning in contrast to the Fregean sense, which describes what we call meaning today. See also meaning, sense, intension, extension.|
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|Frank I 22
Direct reference/Kaplan: Frege: Triangle: ssingular term - particular - propositional component - Kaplan: direct: 1 relationship singular term - particular by convention, 2nd relationship propositional component-particular: identity.
Here only external sources; compare the information in the individual contributions.
M. Frank (Hrsg.)
Analytische Theorien des Selbstbewusstseins Frankfurt 1994