|Reference, philosophy: reference means a) the relation between an expression and one or more objects, thus the reference or b) the object (reference object) itself. Terminological confusion arises easily because the author, to whom this term ultimately goes back - G. Frege - spoke of meaning (in the sense of "pointing at something"). Reference is therefore often referred to as Fregean meaning in contrast to the Fregean sense, which describes what we call meaning today. See also meaning, sense, intension, extension.|
_____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.
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Reference/Extension/Theory/Meaning Change/Putnam: E.g. acid: today, we mean something different when we use the word. - Putnam: yet we are talking about the same thing. - HackingVsPutnam: E.g. Lavoisier held all views accepted today plus the wrong one that all acids contain oxygen. - In spite of the mistake he spoke of the same acids. - Today: Normal acids and Bronsted Lovry acids cover all acids - but they are mutually exclusive. - Only in special cases it is necessary to know which one you mean._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.
Einführung in die Philosophie der Naturwissenschaften Stuttgart 1996