Philosophy Lexicon of Arguments

Reductionism, philosophy: reductionism is a collective term for attempts, to either trace back statements in a subject area to statements from a sub-area of this subject area or equating statements of a subject area with statements of another subject area. The main point here is the justification of such transfers. Reductionism in the narrower sense is the thesis that reduction is possible. Typical reductionisms exist in the domain of the philosophy of mind. See also holism, eliminativism, materialism, physicalism, functionalism.
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II 171
VsReduction/VsReductionism/Vollmer: We must realize that we are still able to formulate conflicting statements in the same language. Why then reduction?
II 207/208
VsReduction/biology: organisms are completely structured, while parts of a celestial body could be exchanged.
II 228
Reduction/Evolution/Vollmer: with the evolution argument the universal evolution serves as evidence that a reduction by deduction could be possible. Problems:
VsReduction/Evolution/Vollmer: the evolution argument only applies to right (true) theories.
If system S2 resulted from system S1, then theory T2 must logically imply theory T1.
However, when T1 or T2 are still flawed, it is unlikely that there is an implication relation between them.

Vo I
G. Vollmer
Die Natur der Erkenntnis Bd I Stuttgart 1988

G. Vollmer
Die Natur der Erkenntnis Bd II Stuttgart 1988

> Counter arguments against Vollmer
> Counter arguments in relation to Reductionism

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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2017-05-25