Philosophy Lexicon of Arguments

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Reduction, philosophy: reduction is the tracing back of a set of statements to another set of statements by rephrasing and replacing concepts of a subject domain by concepts from another subject domain. There must be conditions for the substitutability of a concept from the first domain by a concept from the second domain. An example of a reduction is the tracing back of mental concepts to physical concepts or to behavior. See also bridge laws, reductionism, translation, identity theory, materialism, physical/psychical, physicalism, eliminationism, functionalism, roles, indeterminacy.
 
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II 170
Reduction/Vollmer: Def Entropy: the number of microstates that could realize the present macrostate. - Def Pressure: average pulse to transfer the moving molecules on a wall - reduction: e.g. the terms of the phenomenological thermodynamics are defined by concepts of molecular mechanics and thus reduced to this. VsReductionism: in simple language contradictions can still be formulated - then why reduction?
II 228
Reductio /Vollmer: if system S2 is developed from system S1, then would theory T2, logically imply theory T1 - but if T1 or T2 are still faulty, it is unlikely that there is an entailment relation between them.

Vo I
G. Vollmer
Die Natur der Erkenntnis Bd I Stuttgart 1988

Vo II
G. Vollmer
Die Natur der Erkenntnis Bd II Stuttgart 1988


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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2017-05-28