Philosophy Lexicon of Arguments

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Reduction, philosophy: reduction is the tracing back of a set of statements to another set of statements by rephrasing and replacing concepts of a subject domain by concepts from another subject domain. There must be conditions for the substitutability of a concept from the first domain by a concept from the second domain. An example of a reduction is the tracing back of mental concepts to physical concepts or to behavior. See also bridge laws, reductionism, translation, identity theory, materialism, physical/psychical, physicalism, eliminationism, functionalism, roles, indeterminacy.
 
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I 133 ff
Reduction/Searle: a) property reduction: is nothing but average kinetic energy - b) theoretical reduction: Reduction between theories: recycling the gas laws to the laws of statistical thermodynamics - c) logical or ontological reduction: Laws of numbers on laws of quantities.
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I 135
d) causal reduction, causal powers of an entity to causal forces of another phenomenon: vibration in molecular lattice instead of solid bodies.
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I 137
SearleVsReductionism: that changes nothing for our scientific world view.
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I 139f
From the irreducibility of consciousness arises nothing important.

S I
J. R. Searle
Die Wiederentdeckung des Geistes Frankfurt 1996

S II
J.R. Searle
Intentionalität Frankfurt 1991

S III
J. R. Searle
Die Konstruktion der gesellschaftlichen Wirklichkeit Hamburg 1997

S IV
J.R. Searle
Ausdruck und Bedeutung Frankfurt 1982

S V
J. R. Searle
Sprechakte Frankfurt 1983


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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2017-05-23