Dictionary of Arguments

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Justification, philosophy: justification is a condition for knowledge which a) is fulfilled or not fulfilled by the explanation of the origin of the information or b) by a logical examination of the argument. For a), theories such as the causal theory of knowledge or reliability theories have been developed. See also verification, examination, verification, proofs, externalism.
Justification in a broader sense is a statement about the occurrence of an action or a choice. See also explanations, ultimate justification, reasons.


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Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

 
Author Item Summary Meta data
III 67
Justification/rationals/Habermas: justification can only be explained by the conditions for discursive honoring of claims. Because descriptive, normative, evaluative, explicative, expressive statements differ in form, semantic analyses draw attention to the fact that the meaning of justification changes in a specific way with the form of the statement.
The justification of descriptive statements means the proof of the existence of facts; of normative statements the proof of the acceptability of actions or norms of action; of evaluative statements the proof of the preferenceability of values; of expressive statements the proof of the transparency of self-portrayals; of explicative statements the proof that symbolic expressions have been literally generated.
Validity claims: the meaning of the correspondingly differentiated validity claims can then be explained in such a way that one specifies the argumentation-logical conditions under which such proof can be made in each case.


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Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.
The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.

Ha I
J. Habermas
Der philosophische Diskurs der Moderne Frankfurt 1988

Ha III
Jürgen Habermas
Theorie des kommunikativen Handelns Bd. I Frankfurt/M. 1981

Ha IV
Jürgen Habermas
Theorie des kommunikativen Handelns Bd. II Frankfurt/M. 1981


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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2019-03-22
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