|Justification, philosophy: justification is a condition for knowledge which a) is fulfilled or not fulfilled by the explanation of the origin of the information or b) by a logical examination of the argument. For a), theories such as the causal theory of knowledge or reliability theories have been developed. See also verification, examination, verification, proofs, externalism.|
Justification in a broader sense is a statement about the occurrence of an action or a choice. See also explanations, ultimate justification, reasons._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.
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Justification/McDowell/Esfeld: thesis space of reasons (justifications) further than that of the conceptual -
I 161 ~
I/you-relations/Brandom/Esfeld: show in contrast to relativistic I-We-relationships that the community as a whole can be wrong - I-We: myth of the given - I-Thou: replaces representationalism by inferentialism - no enforcement of consensus, community has no privileged status
I 191 ~
Justification/belief/Esfeld: justification only by other beliefs because these have statement form - but circumstances are not sufficient, but inferential practices are - ultimately coherence theory - social holism: beliefs are isolated from the world, only them, nothing in the world is conceptually (VsMcDowell) but beliefs are bound to the world by not being epistemic self-sufficient - (epistemically self-contained: Content v.belief state n. ontological dependent on physical texture)_____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.
Holismus Frankfurt/M 2002