Philosophy Lexicon of Arguments

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Reality, philosophy: A. It is controversial, which should be counted to reality, that is to say, the set of objects and states which occur in the world. Theories differ strongly regarding the definitions of facts and situations or the consideration of internal states of subjects. Thus, a situation can be described in many ways, whereby very different assumptions about the involved objects and relations come into play. See also ontology, realism, recognition, epistemology, constructivism, facts, situations, internal/external, totality, relations, simulation. B.Reality is an expression for the totality of what is opposed to the perception of subjects and not only imagined. In this sense, reality is what is independent of us; on the other hand, some authors regard their formability as proof of their existence. See also dependence, independence, possibility, necessity, actualism, realism, idealism, constructivism, present, simulation, aboutness, circularity, objects, things, order.

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Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

 
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Books on Amazon
III 168
Reality/Maturana: nervous systems (autopoietic) creates reality - SearleVsMaturana: genetic fallacy: from the fact that our image is constructed, it does not follow that reality is constructed.
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III 179
"In reality everything is different"/Berkeley: - (Berkeley claims anyway, that matter does not exist) if the matter does not exist, everything stays the same.
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III 185
Truth/reality/Searle: cannot coincide because each (true or false) representation is bound to certain aspects, but not to others -> conceptual scheme - ontology/Searle: an ontologically objective reality seems to have no point of view - PutnamVsSearle: no "Ready World".
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III 194
Background/Searle: Moore's hands belong to the background. They are not in a safe deposit box - the background helps us to determine the truth conditions of our utterances.


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Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.

S I
J. R. Searle
Die Wiederentdeckung des Geistes Frankfurt 1996

S II
J.R. Searle
Intentionalität Frankfurt 1991

S III
J. R. Searle
Die Konstruktion der gesellschaftlichen Wirklichkeit Hamburg 1997

S IV
J.R. Searle
Ausdruck und Bedeutung Frankfurt 1982

S V
J. R. Searle
Sprechakte Frankfurt 1983


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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2017-10-22