|Reality, philosophy: A. It is controversial, which should be counted to reality, that is to say, the set of objects and states which occur in the world. Theories differ strongly regarding the definitions of facts and situations or the consideration of internal states of subjects. Thus, a situation can be described in many ways, whereby very different assumptions about the involved objects and relations come into play. See also ontology, realism, recognition, epistemology, constructivism, facts, situations, internal/external, totality, relations, simulation.
B.Reality is an expression for the totality of what is opposed to the perception of subjects and not only imagined. In this sense, reality is what is independent of us; on the other hand, some authors regard their formability as proof of their existence. See also dependence, independence, possibility, necessity, actualism, realism, idealism, constructivism, present, simulation, aboutness, circularity, objects, things, order._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
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|Hacking I 56
Reality / Theory / Bas van Fraassen: (realist) theory: theories must be interpreted literally. No other possible interpretation - either true or false - it depends on the world - but there is no justification or need to rely on theories about unobservables. - I 76 existence / ontology: theory: there are simply no electrons nor any theoretical entities. Thes is only what can be observed - in principle electrons are unobservable - (but measurable).
constructive empiricist/theoretical terms: should not be mentioned, only be dedeucted. - (> mention / use) - I 92 adequacy rather than truth of a theory. - VsBest Explanation: - theories are acceptable, even if not literally true._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.
B. van Fraassen
The Scientific Image Oxford 1980
Einführung in die Philosophie der Naturwissenschaften Stuttgart 1996