|Reality, philosophy: A. It is controversial, which should be counted to reality, that is to say, the set of objects and states which occur in the world. Theories differ strongly regarding the definitions of facts and situations or the consideration of internal states of subjects. Thus, a situation can be described in many ways, whereby very different assumptions about the involved objects and relations come into play. See also ontology, realism, recognition, epistemology, constructivism, facts, situations, internal/external, totality, relations, simulation.
B.Reality is an expression for the totality of what is opposed to the perception of subjects and not only imagined. In this sense, reality is what is independent of us; on the other hand, some authors regard their formability as proof of their existence. See also dependence, independence, possibility, necessity, actualism, realism, idealism, constructivism, present, simulation, aboutness, circularity, objects, things, order._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
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Matter / material world / outer world / reality / reality / Berkeley: there is no material substance - but probably an outer reality! - I 232 involuntary perception is a moment of reality.
Danto I 202
LockeVsBerkeley: there are objects to be compared.
Berkeley - Schopenhauer: only two kinds of things: consciousness and its contents.
World / reality / Berkeley / Danto: there is nothing but ideas - but we do not sit in a cage that shields us from the world. - BerkeleyVsPlaton: there is no cage because there is no distinction between inside and outside.
Science / Berkeley: does not refer to a reality behind the experience, but the experience itself._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.
I Breidert Berkeley: Wahrnnehmung und Wirklichkeit, aus Speck(Hg) Grundprobleme der gr. Philosophen, Göttingen (UTB) 1997
A. C. Danto
Wege zur Welt München 1999
Arthur C. Danto
Nietzsche als Philosoph München 1998
A. C. Danto
The Philosophical Disenfranchisement of Art (Columbia Classics in Philosophy) New York 2005