Philosophy Lexicon of Arguments

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Reality, philosophy: it is controversial, which should be counted to reality, that is to say, the set of objects and states which occur in the world. Theories partially differ strongly regarding the definitions of facts and situations or the consideration of internal states of subjects. Thus, a situation can be described in many ways, whereby very different assumptions about the involved objects and relations come into play. See also ontology, realism, recognition, epistemology, constructivism, fact, situations, internal/external, totality, relations, simulation.

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Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.
 
Author Item Excerpt Meta data

 
Books on Amazon
I 217f
Matter / material world / outer world / reality / reality / Berkeley: there is no material substance - but probably an outer reality! - I 232 involuntary perception is a moment of reality.
Danto I 202
LockeVsBerkeley: there are objects to be compared.
I 202
Berkeley - Schopenhauer: only two kinds of things: consciousness and its contents.
  I 206
World / reality / Berkeley / Danto: there is nothing but ideas - but we do not sit in a cage that shields us from the world. - BerkeleyVsPlaton: there is no cage because there is no distinction between inside and outside.
Science / Berkeley: does not refer to a reality behind the experience, but the experience itself.


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Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.
G. Berkeley
I Breidert Berkeley: Wahrnnehmung und Wirklichkeit, aus Speck(Hg) Grundprobleme der gr. Philosophen, Göttingen (UTB) 1997
Dt I
A. C. Danto
Wege zur Welt München 1999

Dt VII
A. C. Danto
The Philosophical Disenfranchisement of Art (Columbia Classics in Philosophy) New York 2005


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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2017-06-28