|Reality, philosophy: A. It is controversial, which should be counted to reality, that is to say, the set of objects and states which occur in the world. Theories differ strongly regarding the definitions of facts and situations or the consideration of internal states of subjects. Thus, a situation can be described in many ways, whereby very different assumptions about the involved objects and relations come into play. See also ontology, realism, recognition, epistemology, constructivism, facts, situations, internal/external, totality, relations, simulation.
B.Reality is an expression for the totality of what is opposed to the perception of subjects and not only imagined. In this sense, reality is what is independent of us; on the other hand, some authors regard their formability as proof of their existence. See also dependence, independence, possibility, necessity, actualism, realism, idealism, constructivism, present, simulation, aboutness, circularity, objects, things, order._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
|Hacking I 62
"Really"/realism/Austin: 1st Ordinary language: "not really cream": to dismiss contemptuously - 2nd There is no clear methodological rule and consistent meaning of "realism".
"Really" does not add anything to a declaration - E.g. force lines are unlike electrons: there is nothing that consists of lines of force - FaradayVsSmart: the explanatory force stems from negation.
SmartVs: "Really" does not change the meaning, (of cream or of electrons) power lines are malleable - hence they exist. Even if the iron filings will be taken away (there were doubts about this before Faraday) - namely, the lines can be cut._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
John L. Austin
"Truth" in: Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society, Supplementary Volume 24 (1950): 111 - 128
Wahrheitstheorien, Gunnar Skirbekk, Frankfurt/M. 1977
John L. Austin
"A Plea for Excuses: The Presidential Address" in: Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society, Volume 57, Issue 1, 1 June 1957, Pages 1 - 3
Ein Plädoyer für Entschuldigungen
Linguistik und Philosophie, Grewendorf/Meggle, Frankfurt/M. 1974/1995
Representing and Intervening. Introductory Topics in the Philosophy of Natural Science, Cambridge/New York/Oakleigh 1983
Einführung in die Philosophie der Naturwissenschaften Stuttgart 1996