Philosophy Lexicon of Arguments

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Quantum mechanics: is a partial discipline of physics, dealing with processes at the level of elementary particles. Here, principles which cannot be observed at the level of everyday objects are valid. The special forces and interactions that prevail within the quantum world are not to be found on the macro level. See also superposition, entanglement, uncertainty principle.

Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

Author Item Summary Meta data
I 253
Quantum Mechanics: violates the separability (independent existence) - local effect: Principle, which excludes interaction between 1st and 2nd measurement.
I 256
Reality/EPR/Einstein-Podolski-Rosen: Prediction of a size without intervention - Incompleteness of the quantum mechanics: something must correspond to the size, regardless of whether the second measurement is carried out.
I 2561
Hidden parameters/quantum mechanics: over-light speed, backward causality, common cause (deterministic or stochastic).
I 260
Bell's theorem: there are no hidden parameters - Bell's inequation: upper limit for correlations, is violated - this shows that no common cause is possible.
I 281f
Quantum holism/Quantum Mechanics/Esfeld: Reason for it should not be purely epistemic: otherwise hidden parameters would be excluded only because of a lack of recognizability (too weak) - (epistemic/ontological) - non-locality: no holism - whole matter holistic system, because a quantum system has the properties that make it into a quantum system only with all the other quantum systems together.
I 283
Hidden parameters/Bohm: compatible with holism - Bohm thesis a quantum system has a definite value of the location at all times, all other observables are context dependent. - Measurement updates the properties - Properties: dispositional - a potential (quantum field) determines the path of the quantum system causally - violation of the parameter - independence and the local effect - but non-local interaction is not holism.
I 286
Ontology/Quantum Mechanics/Esfeld: minimal ontological interpretation: recognize definite numerical properties as properties of the system.
I 293
Quantum-Holism/Esfeld: - most quantum holisms: absence of supervenience: both systems are together in a state with properties - singulett state/plate: a relation, not supervenience on non-relational properties (but not substrate: you do not need any individuals) also no realism with regard to universals

Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.

Es I
M. Esfeld
Holismus Frankfurt/M 2002

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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2018-06-25