|Qualities, philosophy: quality is an expression of the nature of objects or the form of properties. Today, it is no longer understood as a category but rather as the sum of the distinguishing features of an object. Properties of the objects like their size, mass, etc. count as objective or primary qualities, subjective (secondary) qualities are properties which are settled in the subject, e.g. color. See also quantities, qualia, subjectivity, objectivity, properties, features._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
Books on Amazon
|Euchner I 48
Quality/Locke: force of an object to produce in us perceptions or ideas - primary qualities: inseparable from object: E.g. strength, extension, figure, movement/rest, number- secondary: cause effects in the outside world, that are projected back into the causing objects. - (in fact forces, no properties) - Eg.g a) colors, smells, etc. - b) softening of wax by heat (seen as a force).
Putnam I 175
Properties/qualities/Locke: primary: shape, position, size (objectively) - Secondary: colors, sounds, taste, smell (subjectively) - Locke: discards "substantial forms" (Middle Ages) (> "essential characteristics"): expressions for classification of "water" do not include in any sense features that are "real substances" of these things. - Berkeley: discards both primary and secondary properties - Kant: All properties secondary (for us) the question of the "essential features" of the thing in itself is meaningless (Put I 175)> E.g. Statue/clay.
- - -
B. Russell, ABC of Relativity theory 22
Qualities/Locke/Russell: a) primarily: shape, position, size ("objective") - b) Secondary: colors, sounds, smells, tastes ("subjective")._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.
An Essay Concerning Human Understanding
Locke zur Einführung Hamburg 1996
Von einem Realistischen Standpunkt Frankfurt 1993
Repräsentation und Realität Frankfurt 1999
Für eine Erneuerung der Philosophie Stuttgart 1997
Pragmatismus Eine offene Frage Frankfurt 1995
Vernunft, Wahrheit und Geschichte Frankfurt 1990
Robert D., Putnam
Bowling Alone: The Collapse and Revival of American Community New York 2000