Philosophy Lexicon of Arguments

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Proximal theory, philosophy: theories of learning or language acquisition are called proximal, which assume that the meanings to be learned are to be located at the nerve endings of the learning subject. It is assumed that the meanings are not "in the head," as the formulation of H. Putnam states (H. Putnam, "The Meaning of Meaning”. In Philosophical Papers, Vol 2. Mind, Language and Reality, Cambridge, 227). The counterpositions to the proximal theory are summarized under the concept of distal theories. These assume that meanings are to be settled on the surfaces of the objects. Distal theories proceed from a social learning, proximal theories from a subject-centric language acquisition. See also distal theories, language acquisition, meaning, meaning theory, twin earth.
 
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VI 59
Proximal/distal/QuineVsDavidson: "Common situations" are too vague.
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VI 62
Also stimulus meanings are private - stimulus-synonymy: two observation sentences are synonymous if their stimulus meanings for a speaker match.

Q I
W.V.O. Quine
Wort und Gegenstand Stuttgart 1980

Q II
W.V.O. Quine
Theorien und Dinge Frankfurt 1985

Q III
W.V.O. Quine
Grundzüge der Logik Frankfurt 1978

Q IX
W.V.O. Quine
Mengenlehre und ihre Logik Wiesbaden 1967

Q V
W.V.O. Quine
Die Wurzeln der Referenz Frankfurt 1989

Q VI
W.V.O. Quine
Unterwegs zur Wahrheit Paderborn 1995

Q VII
W.V.O. Quine
From a logical point of view Cambridge, Mass. 1953

Q VIII
W.V.O. Quine
Bezeichnung und Referenz
In
Zur Philosophie der idealen Sprache, J. Sinnreich (Hg), München 1982

Q X
W.V.O. Quine
Philosophie der Logik Bamberg 2005

Q XII
W.V.O. Quine
Ontologische Relativität Frankfurt 2003


> Counter arguments against Quine
> Counter arguments in relation to Proximal Theory



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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2017-05-25