Philosophy Lexicon of Arguments

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Propositions, philosophy: propositions are defined as the meanings of sentences, whereby a sentence is interpreted as a character string, which must still be interpreted in relation to a situation or a speaker. E.g. “I am hungry” has a different meaning from the mouth of each new speaker. On the other hand, the sentence “I am hungry” from the mouth of the speaker, who first expressed the German sentence, has the same meaning as the German sentence uttered by him. See also meaning, propositional attitudes, identity conditions, opacity, utterances, sentences.

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Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

 
Author Item Excerpt Meta data

 
Books on Amazon
I 25
Logic/Proposition/Statement/MatesVsPropositions/Logic/Mates: the structure of a proposition should not be confused with that of the corresponding assertion - e.g. "Kennedy won the election" - "he won the election" (various Propos possible.). Also their structure is not easy to see from the accompanying statement - also MatesVsThoughts: different structure - all not to be divided in categories like singular subjunctive, affirming, hypothetically, etc. - also VsJudgment: rather "act of the mind", not in logic - instead: only statements - solution: equivalence: the statement is true iff. the claim that is set up with it, is true - corresponding for judgments, thoughts, etc. - Index words / solution: complete with place and time.


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Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.

Mate I
B. Mates
Elementare Logik Göttingen 1969

Mate II
B. Mates
0226509869 1981


> Counter arguments against Mates
> Counter arguments in relation to Propositions



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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2017-07-27