Philosophy Lexicon of Arguments

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Private language: according to L. Wittgenstein a private language, i.e. a language which an individual develops only for himself and uses to express his feelings, is not possible. (See L. Wittgenstein, Philosophical Investigations, 1953, ยง 243, 258). You cannot give yourself instructions. You could not even understand the language. See also rule following, Kripke's Wittgenstein, priviledged access, Wittgenstein's beetle.
 
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I 43
Private Language/Wittgenstein: Vs view that "there are simply objects that language cannot grasp at all" - "could language capture them, they were within the conceptual sphere and could thus not exercise any control".
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I 43/44
Wittgenstein: (according to McDowell): with such terms it would then be a private language. (Which is not possible according to Wittgenstein).
Wittgenstein's "private abstraction" of a manifold, which could then only be achieved by "private ostension", which is, according to Wittgenstein, impossible or meaningless.
McDowell: with "private terms", spontaneity does not reach as far as the term.

MD I
J. McDowell
Geist und Welt Frankfurt 2001


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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2017-05-29