Philosophy Lexicon of Arguments

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Private language: according to L. Wittgenstein a private language, i.e. a language which an individual develops only for himself and uses to express his feelings, is not possible. (See L. Wittgenstein, Philosophical Investigations, 1953, § 243, 258). You cannot give yourself instructions. You could not even understand the language. See also rule following, Kripke's Wittgenstein, priviledged access, Wittgenstein's beetle.
 
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II 227
VsLewis: E.g. Assuming a person who lives isolated throughout his life could spontaneously begin to use a language one day due to his brilliant talent, e.g. to write a diary.
Private Language: This would be a random private language, it would not be subject to the verdict of Wittgenstein. And here no convention would be involved.
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II 227/28
LewisVs: Even the isolated living person adheres to a certain regularity. He also knows that he adhered to this regularity in the past and has an interest to behave equally all the time.

LW I
D. Lewis
Die Identität von Körper und Geist Frankfurt 1989

LW II
D. Lewis
Konventionen Berlin 1975

LW IV
D. Lewis
Philosophical Papers Bd I New York Oxford 1983

LW V
D. Lewis
Philosophical Papers Bd II New York Oxford 1986

LwCl I
Cl. I. Lewis
Mind and the World Order: Outline of a Theory of Knowledge (Dover Books on Western Philosophy) 1991


> Counter arguments against Lewis
> Counter arguments in relation to Private Language



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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2017-05-26