Philosophy Lexicon of Arguments

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Presuppositions: are silent assumptions, which are contained in utterances. These assumptions are suggested by the context or conventions. E.g. "All my children sleep" presupposes that I have children. (See A. von Stechow, "Schritte zur Satzsemantik", ww.sfs.uni-tuebingen.de/~astechow/Aufsaetze/Schritte.pdf (26.06.2006) p. 80).

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Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

 
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Books on Amazon
Newen / Schrenk I 93
Presupposition / implication / Strawson: existence assertion and uniqueness assertion ("at least one and at most one ...") are merely presupposed and not implied by a sentence that contains a description. - Def implication: A imp B iff. it can not be that A is true but B is false. - Def presupposition: A presupposes B iff. B must be true in order for A to have any specific truth value.


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Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.

Str I
P.F. Strawson
Einzelding und logisches Subjekt Stuttgart 1972

Str IV
P.F. Strawson
Analyse und Metaphysik München 1994

Str V
P.F. Strawson
Die Grenzen des Sinns Frankfurt 1981

New I
Albert Newen
Analytische Philosophie zur Einführung Hamburg 2005


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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2017-07-27