|Presuppositions: are silent assumptions, which are contained in utterances. These assumptions are suggested by the context or conventions. E.g. "All my children sleep" presupposes that I have children. (See A. von Stechow, "Schritte zur Satzsemantik", ww.sfs.uni-tuebingen.de/~astechow/Aufsaetze/Schritte.pdf (26.06.2006) p. 80)._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
Presupposition/Strawson: also for the falsity of "all my children are sleeping" the existence is a prerequisite. Syllogisms/StrawsonVsAristoteles: the presupposition does not apply to the predicate term. - Sentence meaning/Strawson: then no longer set of possible worlds but partial function of possible world in truth values - because it should be possible that there si no truth value at all.
Presupposition/Stechow: a sentence presupposes all its logical consequences - sentence meaning: partial function - presupposition: set of situations - therefore propositions.
(Existence-) presupposition: = limiting the scope - dom(p) = = pre-area presupposition of p.
Presupposition/Stechow: states that the evaluation situation must be in the field of argument proposition (i.e. meaning) a presupposition must be a meaning, not a truth value. Original place/Frege: Kepler died in misery: assumes that the name means something. - But the prerequisite is not part of the thought (proposition), which is expressed by the sentence._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
|A. von Stechow
I Arnim von Stechow Schritte zur Satzsemantik