Philosophy Lexicon of Arguments

 
Predicates, philosophy, logic: predicates are symbols that can stand in logical formulas for properties. In fact, not every predicate stands for a property, since it has contradictory predicates, but no contradictory properties. For example, one can think of a predicate "squaround" for "square and round", that is, two properties that exclude each other. One can then truthfully say "Nothing is squaround". There are therefore more predicates than properties. See also round square, scheme characters, quantification, 2nd level logic, predication, attributes, adjectives.

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Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

 
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Books on Amazon
Hoyningen-Huene II 169
Relations are also predicates. E.g. "... is between ... and."
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Re III 154
The true logical form is: "There is something that is a mountain of gold, and that has been discovered." The apparent subject conceals a predicative expression. False: a complex predicate: "a-mountain-of-gold-and-to-have-been-discovered".
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Re III 214
Measuring instruments: Can you tell us what color the spots have, that the one is red, and the other green? You cannot! This is because words like "red" are observational predicates. The reason for our judgments on the correctness of the applications of "red" is based on observation.
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Re III 214f
Color: observational predicate (unconscious, frequencies) - not by measuring instruments - to name instruments, not color.


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Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.
Logic Texts
Me I Albert Menne Folgerichtig Denken Darmstadt 1988
HH II Hoyningen-Huene Formale Logik, Stuttgart 1998
Re III Stephen Read Philosophie der Logik Hamburg 1997
Sal IV Wesley C. Salmon Logik Stuttgart 1983
Sai V R.M.Sainsbury Paradoxien Stuttgart 2001


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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2017-09-20