|Predicates, philosophy, logic: predicates are symbols that can stand in logical formulas for properties. In fact, not every predicate stands for a property, since it has contradictory predicates, but no contradictory properties. For example, one can think of a predicate "squaround" for "square and round", that is, two properties that exclude each other. One can then truthfully say "Nothing is squaround". There are therefore more predicates than properties. See also round square, scheme characters, quantification, 2nd level logic, predication, attributes, adjectives._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
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Predicates "good", "yellow": simple, indefinable (> axioms) - Horse: composed, therefore definable.
Strawson: image of a world with two main components: people and things. The corresponding M-predicates and P-predicates. I 260
M-predicates: e.g. "weighs 150 pounds,"
P-predicates: e.g. »dreams of glory."
Mere things are writable with M-predicates, however, is not alone describable with P-predicates, though, if there were really disembodied spirits, they could also be described quite well by this. A person, however, is described by both, by M-and P-predicates!_____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.
A. C. Danto
Wege zur Welt München 1999
Arthur C. Danto
Nietzsche als Philosoph München 1998
A. C. Danto
The Philosophical Disenfranchisement of Art (Columbia Classics in Philosophy) New York 2005