|Positivism, philosophy: modern positivism represents the demand to trace back statements with a claim to explanation to differences which can be ascertained in the objects of investigation. What is ascertainable is, in this case, relativized to a framework theory and its methods. This is intended to exclude foreign and non-verifiable statements. See also empiricism, internal/external, truth, provability._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
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Def Positivism / Hacking: 1 Verification - 2 observation - 3 VsCausality - 4 VsExplanation (just brings phenomena in an order that does not explain why) - 5 VsTheoretical Entities - 6 (Leave nothing that is not verifiable) VsMetaphysics
PopperVs label "positivist" - VsSense Data - not V Metaphysics - non-verifiable sentences are acceptable as a first step - later refuted.
Empiricism: measuring (theoretical entities exist) - positivism: seeing feeling smelling hearing tasting (theoretical entities do not exist)._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.
Einführung in die Philosophie der Naturwissenschaften Stuttgart 1996