|Phonemes: are linguistically interpreted sounds, which are combined respectively for a language in a system and which have the potential to change the meaning of a larger phonetic unit in which they occur. E.g. red/dead. As pure sound events, these smallest sound units are called phones._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.|
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Phoneme/Quine: presupposes a concept of meaning equality - containment within the set of meaningful strings is not possible without a concept of the phoneme - but the list of phonemes is not possible without synonymy - the same length and (almost) identical sounding sequences can be regarded as the same or as different - Density: which acoustic differences are to count as relevant? - Problem: speech acts must be grouped together as bundles of certain density - all speech acts belong to the class K of sound sequences - grammar: based on two concepts: "phoneme" and "significant".
Grammar/category/phoneme/Quine: for a phoneme sequence it is not possible to distinguish between grammatical categories._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.
Wort und Gegenstand Stuttgart 1980
Theorien und Dinge Frankfurt 1985
Grundzüge der Logik Frankfurt 1978
Mengenlehre und ihre Logik Wiesbaden 1967
Die Wurzeln der Referenz Frankfurt 1989
Unterwegs zur Wahrheit Paderborn 1995
From a logical point of view Cambridge, Mass. 1953
Bezeichnung und Referenz
Zur Philosophie der idealen Sprache, J. Sinnreich (Hg), München 1982
Philosophie der Logik Bamberg 2005
Ontologische Relativität Frankfurt 2003