|Phenomena, philosophy: phenomena in contrast to the objects which are supposed to trigger these phenomena. The state of the perceiving subject (for example, its sense organs) plays a role, but this is not the focus of the investigation. See also noumenon, representation.|
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Phenomenon/Fraassen: does not decide about the truth of hypotheses about atoms. - Def phenomenon: observable processes and structures.
Phenomenon/Newton: should be preserved. - Reality/Newton: is postulated.
Phenomena/Fraassen: preserved by being shown to be fragments of a larger unit. - VsObservation Language: one cannot describe phenomena different from the rest of the world.
B. van Fraassen
The Scientific Image Oxford 1980