Philosophy Lexicon of Arguments

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Person, philosophy: A thinking and sentient being that distinguishes itself from others. In the course of the history of philosophy, further determinations have been agreed on or disregarded, e.g. rationality, autonomy, not-being-able-to-be-possessed. While the human and his body age, the person has no temporal stages. See also individual, law, continuants, identity.

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Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

 
Author Item Excerpt Meta data

 
Books on Amazon
I 131
Definition person/Strawson: type of entity to which can be attributed both: states of consciousness and physical properties.
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I 132
"simple, pure" subject cannot be fundamental concept, because we cannot get from there to others and also not to self-attribution.
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I 133
Person/Strawson: The word "I" refers to something, because I am a person among others - the concept of the person is logically primary against the concept of the individual consciousness.
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I 134
Person logical primitive - not secondary to consciousness and body.
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I 134
M-predicates/Strawson: predicate that can be correctly applied to purely mathematical bodies: E.g. "weighs 5 kg" "is in the living room" - P-predicates applicable to persons: E.g. "smile", "suffer pain", "go for a walk", "believe in God".
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I 135
Condition: logical criterion for the application, not only observation.
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I 135
Strawson: Person/I/subject: not type-ambiguous - only predicates type-ambigous - only persons are attributed both types: P-predicate and M-predicate.


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Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.

Str I
P.F. Strawson
Einzelding und logisches Subjekt Stuttgart 1972

Str IV
P.F. Strawson
Analyse und Metaphysik München 1994

Str V
P.F. Strawson
Die Grenzen des Sinns Frankfurt 1981


> Counter arguments against Strawson



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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2017-07-22