Philosophy Lexicon of Arguments

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Person, philosophy: A thinking and sentient being that distinguishes itself from others. In the course of the history of philosophy, further determinations have been agreed on or disregarded, e.g. rationality, autonomy, not-being-able-to-be-possessed. While the human and his body age, the person has no temporal stages. See also individual, law, continuants, identity.

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Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

 
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I 207
Person / body / Simons: E.g. Operation: the person does not exist during the operation - the operation is carried out on the body - e.g. after amnesia + unlimited capacity to learn: new person / old body - (Simons per Locke) - on the other hand: Person: a) to have rights - b ) substrate of change, controlled by psychological laws - then rather Def person = capacity to characteristic processes, not current practice of capacity. - The person remains the person when she sleeps. - I 211 person dies / body remains. - Coincidence: nevertheless the person has no parts that the body does not have, in particular no intangible parts.


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Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.

Si I
P. Simons
Parts Oxford New York 1987


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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2017-11-22